The pond (s) and ornamental waterfalls often need the incorporation of aquatic plants. These plants provide more magnificent beauty and tranquility. They also illuminate the landscape by adding color to the whole.
In addition to this, the plants play an essential role in maintaining the balance of the pond and all around it. They absorb nutrients and reduce light levels in the water. This reduces the growth of algae and prevents the water from turning green. They also prevent the water temperature from rising too much. The plants also provide a refuge for the fish/turtles that you can have in your pond. They also offer natural material for them to spawn.
This type of plants float on the surface, and their roots are loose in the water instead of rooted in pots or the bottom. They are “planted” by throwing them in the water. They adapt to pond conditions and grow and multiply. Due to their shape or morphology, they play an essential role in the reproduction. They are also involved in the breeding and development of some species. This will help your garden to be not only beautiful and ornamented but also with wild animals.
Some species of this type of plants are:
- Eichhornia crassipes (Water hyacinth)
- Pistia stratiotes (Water Lettuce)
- Salvinia auriculata (Elephant Ear)
- Hydrocharis morsus-ranae (Frog bite)
- Aloe Stratiotes (Water Pita)
- Lemna minor (Duckweed)
They are also known as submerged plants. And they are located in the broad area of the pond. They have roots from the bottom with their leaves inside the water. The plants also at times, have leaves on the surface of the water, like water lilies. It is about the pond plants that need less maintenance. It leaves shade and prevents the development of algae that need the sun to reproduce. Thus, helping to keep the water clear. They also offer excellent protection for fish that inhabit medium and deep waters. They are capable of absorbing ammoniacal nitrogen through their leaves. Thus, reducing the level of ammonia that can harm the fish and amphibians.
Some species are:
- Nymphaea alba (Water lily)
- Nymphoides peltata (Ninfoides)
- Nymphaea hortorum (Water lily)
- Nelumbo nucifera (Lotus, Nelumbo)
- Nymphoides indica (Ninfoides)
- Nuphar lutea (Yellow water lily)
This type of plants is considered one of the most important groups of plants in the pond. They remain submerged and serve to keep the water clear and without algae. Its leaves absorb minerals and carbon dioxide. These elements however hinder the development of algae. They however stay wholly submerged except the flowers, which can come to the surface.
Some species are:
- Callitriche (Bricio)
- Myriophyllum verticillatum
- Ceratophyllum demersum
- Vallisneria spp.
- Elodea canadensis
- Ranunculus aquatilis (Water buttercup)
- Yellow Lily
Also called marginal are those located towards the edges of the pond. This is where the water is shallow in general. The species can keep one part of its body submerged and the other outside the water level. The roots, therefore, are inside the water. Most of these species can live without permanent water at their roots, but they need a lot of irrigation.
They bring naturalness to the whole by making the transition between the pond and the garden. They also serve as a refuge for butterflies, dragonflies, birds, and frogs.
- Acorus calamus ‘Variegata’ (Acoro, Water Calamus)
- Iris pseudacorus (Yellow lily)
- Arum italicum (Aro)
- Iris sibirica (Lily)
- Caltha palustris (Calta)
- Lysichiton americanus (Water ring)
- Cyperus alternifolius (Paragüitas)
- Zantedeschia aethiopica (Cala)
- Iris laevigata (Japanese Lily)
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